Bermuda's Cancer Screening Guidelines

Research indicates that only 5% of cancers are hereditary; this means that most cancers occur spontaneously. Research also indicates that healthy lifestyles and regular checkups can prevent many cancers. Exercise your power!

When should you start screening for cancer? The entire reason we screen for cancer is to find it early, when most treatable and survivable. Due to our population make up and current health statistics, Bermuda follows the recommendations of the American Cancer Society. Here are the recommendations to help guide you when you talk to your doctor about screening for certain cancers.

Talk to your doctor about recommended cancer prevention vaccines and screenings:

  • Children aged 11 or 12 years should get two Gardasil 9 HPV vaccine shots 6 to 12 months apart. If the two shots are given less than 5 months apart. For detailed recommendation click here.
  • Women 21yrs+ to begin regular Pap screening for cervical cancer and to have an annual pelvic exam - details here.
  • Women 40yrs+ to receive an annual mammogram for breast cancer detection - details here.
  • Men 50yrs+(45yrs if black or have family history) to receive annual DRE tests and PSA if indicated to spot early warning signs of prostate cancer - details here.
  • Men and Women 45yrs+ to begin screening for colorectal cancer - details here.
  • At the time of menopause, all women should be told about the risks and symptoms of endometrial cancer - details here.
  • Yearly lung cancer screening with a low-dose CT scan (LDCT) for certain people at higher risk for lung cancer who meet the following conditions - details here:
    • Are aged 55 to 74 years and in fairly good health and
    • Currently smoke or have quit smoking in the past 15 years and
    • Have at least a 30 pack-year smoking history. (A pack-year is 1 pack of cigarettes per day per year. One pack per day for 30 years or 2 packs per day for 15 years would both be 30 pack-years.) 

If you have questions about cancer, we have answers: